Parliament and Judiciary *

The Constitution accords an important place to the Judiciary, with the Supreme Court at the apex of the judicial system. The Supreme Court, in addition to being the final court of appeals - civil and criminal - has exclusive original jurisdiction in disputes between the Union and the States and between two or more States inter se; [ Art. 131] and is the ultimate arbiter in all matters involving the interpretation of the Constitution. It has also extensive writ jurisdiction for the enforcement of fundamental rights [ Art. 32] , and an advisory jurisdiction on a question of law of fact referred to it by the President [ Art. 143] .

[ * Source: Page No. 940 of Practice and Procedure of Parliament. By Dr. Subhash C. Kashyap; Fourth Edition 1991. Published for Lok Sabha Secretariat ]